First Readings With Your Child 親子共讀之首次閱讀技巧

Updated: Jul 1, 2020

A while ago, I wrote about five kinds of reading for different purposes: pre-reading, text appreciation, reading for comprehension, close reading, and reading for pleasure (a.k.a. extensive reading). Today, I would like to focus on first reading experiences. 之前我寫過五種不同的閱讀(預備閱讀、文本欣賞、理解閱讀、細讀、悅讀/廣泛閱讀),今天我想跟大家看看首次閱讀的體驗。

Different kinds of books provide different kinds of first read experiences. As mature readers, we use these skills naturally. I am just trying to point them out for you so that we can transfer our skills to our little ones. 不同種類的書帶來不同的首次閱讀經歷。我們這些成熟的讀者自自然然會使用不同的技巧,而我把這些技巧寫出來,讓大家可以把這些技巧傳授給小朋友。

Pre-Reading 預備閱讀:

  • Look at the book cover, title, and inside cover. 看看封面、標題和書名頁。

  • Ask questions that are related to the title or the pictures (to help your child pull out prior knowledge for understanding the book you are going to read). 問與標題或圖片有關的問題,幫助孩子想起已學會的知識,有助閱讀。

  • Have your child guess what the book is about. [Reading skill: predicting] 讓孩子猜猜書的內容,這是積極閱讀技巧的練習。

  • 詳情請看 For more details, read: "Not All Readings Are Created Equal 各種不同的閱讀".

During Reading 閱讀時:

To help you remember easily, I have categorized picture books into three types: (Don't forget to read more tips at the very end of this post!) 為了方便記,我把繪本分成三類:(請務必看文末的小貼示!)

1. "Do Not Disturb" Kind of Books 「不要打擾」類

Stories with packed actions or intense emotions should be read with as little disturbance as possible. Allow your child to feel the rhythm of the text and emerge in the story world. All vivid imagination and empathy practice occur here. 故事若有刺激的內容或強烈的情感,我們不宜打擾我們的小讀。讓他們感受文字的節奏,讓他們陶醉於故事世界中。所有想像、同理心,都是這些時候練習出來的。

Note that I am talking about first reading. When you re-read the story, of course you can pause and discuss with your child for learning purposes. These aspects are hard to teach. 請記得,我談的是首次閱讀,當你再次閱讀同一故事的時候,你可以停頓、討論。

例子 Some examples of the "Do Not Disturb" books are: You may find the Cantonese reading of these books in the Cantonese Storytime page. Sign up as a member to view. 你可以在「廣東話故事時間」那裡試讀這些書。登記成為會員就可以了。

  • 媽媽變成鱷魚了 (Mom Turns into a Crocodile!)

  • 爸爸,別怕 (Papa, Don't Be Afraid)警告!

  • 肚子好餓好餓喔!(I'm starving!)

  • 不要打開這本書!(Warning! Do Not Open This Book)

  • 善良 (Be Kind)

[Amazon affiliate links below 下面是行銷推廣連結]

2. Picture-Rich Picture Books

Some picture books (many Chinese picture books) contain rich illustrations, and texts are supplementary. In this case, explore the pictures more with your little ones before your move on to the next page. 有些繪本(特別是中文繪本)插圖豐富,文字可能只是輔助,那你就可以和小孩多花一點時間看看圖畫。

例子 Some examples of the picture-rich picture books are: You may find the Cantonese reading of these books in the Cantonese Storytime page. Sign up as a member to view. 你可以在「廣東話故事時間」那裡試讀這些書。登記成為會員就可以了。

  • Here We Are: Notes for Living on Planet Earth [They have the Chinese version, but I have not ordered it yet.]

  • 小小人兒來幫忙:快樂星期天 (Little People to the Rescue: Happy Sunday)

  • 小企鵝搭火車 (Little Penguins Took a Train)

  • 我變成一隻噴火龍了!(I've Become a Fire-Breathing Dragon!) [Most of this famous Taiwanese writer books are rich in illustrations. They are fun to read and re-read!]

[Amazon affiliate links below 下面是行銷推廣連結]

3. Mixed Rhythm Books 混合節奏書

Many books are fast in one part and slow in other pages. Sometimes, we slow down when the concept is difficult to grasp (e.g., mixing colors in 《老鼠顏料》(Mouse Paint), what equal halves mean in 《你一半,我一半》 (Half for You, Half for Me)). Sometimes, the book is intended to be read fast in one part and slower in other. For example, in《小雞逛超市》 (Piyopiyo Supermarket), the text in the beginning is brief while the pictures are providing hints more. It is necessary to explore the pictures with your child to understand the story. Later, when the chicks are shopping, their actions are well explained in words, so you may go faster here. Finally, when the chicks are sad, do not disturb the disappointment your little one is probably feeling with the chicks; go with the flow of the text without elaborating or asking too much. 很多書都是一部分節奏快,一部分節奏慢。有時候我們是因為概念難明而慢下來(如《你一半,我一半》中完全一半的概念,《老鼠顏料》中混顏色的部分),有時候這是作者的心意。例如《小雞逛超市》的開頭部分,文字比較簡單作為輔助,成人應該和小孩看看圖片以了解故事發展。後來小雞買東西的描寫清晰,閱讀節奏可以快一點。最後,小雞失望的部分也不宜打擾小孩的同理心練習,讓他們和小雞一同感受失望,不過分修飾、不發問打擾他們。

例子 Some examples of the mixed rhythm books are: You may find the Cantonese reading of these books in the Cantonese Storytime page. Sign up as a member to view. 你可以在「廣東話故事時間」那裡試讀這些書。登記成為會員就可以了。

  • 小雞逛超市 (Piyopiyo Supermarket)

  • 你一半,我一半 (Half for You, Half for Me)

  • 老鼠顏料 (Mouse Paint)

[Amazon affiliate links below 下面是行銷推廣連結]

Notes 備註:

  • The purpose of practicing these skills is to develop your child as an active reader. They are not rules. Always feel your child's reading rhythm. 運用這些技巧的目的是為了培養你的孩子成為積極的讀者,但是這些不是規條,大家必須留意孩子的閱讀節奏。

  • To feel your child's reading rhythm, pause after reading each spread page. You may also invite your child to turn the pages for you. When they want to explore the pictures more, they will pause longer. When they can't wait to see what happens next, they will turn the page quickly. 要留心孩子的閱讀節奏,讀完每一大頁要可以停頓一下,你也可以讓你的孩子翻頁。如果他們想多看圖畫,自然就會停下來;如果他們急不及待要知道故事發展,自然很快地翻下一頁。

  • An important reading skill that can be highlighted for children during first reading is predicting. Pause at some points to ask what they think is going to happen. 首次閱讀中可以與孩子練習猜想故事發展,這是一個重要的閱讀技巧

  • I do not usually ask comprehension questions during first reading (unless the book is too difficult for her), because this disturbs the flow of thinking and feeling and takes away opportunities to practice the precious reading skill of guessing from contexts. (I don't worry if my daughter understands the stories or not, especially after the first reading, because we will re-read the stories—for many times... And... please see the next point.) 我通常不會在首次閱讀中考問孩子的理解能力(除非所選的書對女兒來說真的太難了),因為這樣會打擾他們的思考和感受,另一方面我們解釋太多,其實會剝奪他們練習從上下文猜意思的閱讀技巧。(我不擔心女兒第一次讀完故事是否明白整個故事,因為我們會重看——很多次...... 還有,請看下一點。)

  • When children do not understand what we say and if they want to know more, they will ask. Always answer your child's questions. Young children might ask vague questions like "What?". Help them form their questions by asking "Are you asking about ___ or ___?" 孩子不明白而又想知道的時候,他們自然會發問。他們問,我們答就是了。若果幼童問得很廣泛,例如「你說什麼?」,你可以幫助他組織問題(例如問「你想問___還是___?」)。

  • Finally, enjoy the books with your child! The time you spend together will become pleasant language learning memories! 最後,記得和你的孩子享受閱讀!這些會成為他們語言學習中的美好回憶!

73 views1 comment