Time Concepts & Children's Daily Calendar 時間概念與小孩日曆

Updated: Mar 20

Our Dear Daughter has always loved to hear and talk about the concepts of time—since she was a baby. Actually, talking about time can calm upset babies or kids. Since she is asking about date, day, weather, temperature, and such every day, I have made her a daily calendar to consolidate her learning. Please note that it is important to know how to use children's calendar to make it work and not detrimental to children's learning. 我們的寶貝女兒從嬰兒時期就喜歡聽或討論時間。其實,討論時間可以讓不安的嬰兒或兒童冷靜下來。由於她每天都問日期、星期、天氣、溫度等等,我就為她製作了一個小孩日曆,鞏固她的學習。大家要注意,了解如何使用小孩日曆是非常重要的事,避免讓日曆活動阻礙兒童學習。

In this article, I am going to briefly show children's development of temporal understanding, discuss how daily calendar should be used, and share my design of daily calendar (monolingual and bilingual versions available—English, Traditional Chinese, and Simplified Chinese). 我會在這篇文章中淺談兒童的時間概念的發展,再討論如何使用小孩日曆,最後分享我的日曆設計(單語、雙語版本:英語、繁體中文及簡體中文)。

Note: This post contains affiliate links, which means I may receive a small commission—at no cost to you—if you make a purchase through the link. 注意:文中有行銷推廣連結。當你按下連結購買東西的時候(絕不影響你的價格),我會獲得一點兒佣金。

'' Talking about time can calm upset babies or kids. 討論時間可以讓不安的嬰兒或兒童冷靜下來。''

Children's Development of Temporal Understanding 兒童的時間概念發展

Children are not born with the knowledge of time; they need to learn different time concepts (e.g., past, minutes, yesterday) bit by bit. 小孩並非一出生就明白時間是什麼,他們需要慢慢學習不同的時間概念(如:過去、分鐘、昨天)。

Time concept learning does not occur all the same to all children. How families usually talk about time with children greatly influences how they learn about it. 每個小孩的時間概念學習都不一樣,家中通常如何與小孩討論時間會直接影響小孩的學習。

These are general stages of temporal understanding: 以下簡單為大家介紹認識時間概念的幾個階段:

  1. Before and after: When we talk with babies, we usually use before and after to prepare them for the next activity (when they are psychologically prepared, they feel calmer when transiting to a different activity.) For example, we may say: We will finish our lunch before going to the library. We might also say Let's do it later. The concept of later is also quite easy to grasp as it refers to the future without indicating a specific length of time. 前與後:我們和嬰孩說話的時候,常常會用到「前」和「後」去幫助他們過度進行下一項活動(他們有心理準備,轉換活動時會比較順暢、冷靜)。例如,我們會說:「我們午餐後去圖書館。」或者「我們下次再做。」(「下次」指的是將來,可沒有特定時間,比較容易理解。)

  2. Past and future: Children learn to talk about the past and future. They may use words like before (as in I have been here before) and next time (as in Let's do it again next time). They may even use terms like yesterday to refer to the past and tomorrow to refer to the future—although they may not be able to use them correctly yet. 過去與將來:小孩開始談及過去與將來。他們可能會說用「以前」或「下次」(例如:「我以前來過。」 「我們下次再玩。」)他們甚至會用「昨天」來形容過去、用「明天」去形容將來,雖然未必真的是「昨天」或「明天」發生的事。

  3. Sequence: Slowly, they learn that the days before yesterday (two days ago) precedes yesterday, which precedes today then tomorrow then the day after tomorrow. They may also learn the order of the days of the week: Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, etc. 次序:小孩慢慢就學會「前天」之後是「昨天」,之後是「今天」、「明天」和「後天」。他今也可能學會一星期的次序:星期日、星期一、星期二、星期三等。

  4. Time units: It takes some learning to finally gain the full understanding of different time units and their relations (e.g., year, season, week, day, hour, minute, second, etc.). Children might not be able to understand what time units actually are until six or seven years old. 時間單位:要