30+ Simple Word Recognition Games 超過30個簡單認字遊戲

The pandemic has provided us with more opportunities to learn at home. As a language teacher, I am trying to spice things up with activities I know my daughter will love. And I am sharing this long list with you. 疫情令我們有更多機會在家學習。作為語文老師,我嘗試和女兒做一些她會喜歡的活動。我也要和大家分享!

In this article, I will first explain briefly what sight words are and compare Chinese characters with sight words. I will also convey the essence of vocabulary learning. Finally, I will provide the list of 30 activities with suggested variations and things to note. Enjoy! 我會先簡單解釋什麼是英語視覺字,然後比較漢字和視覺字。我也會說明一下學習詞語的秘訣。最後,我會列出三十個活動,並附上其他玩法參考和注意事項。希望大家喜歡~

Note: As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases. This website contains Amazon affiliate links, which means I will receive a very small commission (at no cost to you) if you make a purchase through the link. 注意:本網站是Amazon聯盟伙伴,含有Amazon行銷推廣連結。當你按下連結購買東西的時候(絕不影響你的價格),我會獲得些微佣金。

Sight Words 視覺字

Technically, sight words are words that cannot be sounded out by using phonics skills and have to be memorized by repetition. Many people now use the term "sight words" to refer to high frequency words or words that their children remember. By remembering sight words, children can read and learn faster. 嚴格來說,視覺字 (Sight words)是一些不能用字母拼讀法 (phonics,或作自然發音法)拼出正確讀音的字。不過,現在很多人會把視覺字當做常用字,或者一些他們孩子能記住的字。熟悉視覺字,有助提高孩子的閱讀及學習速度。

Chinese Characters 漢字

Chinese characters are like sight words. While some basic Chinese characters were pictures when created long time ago, there are other ways in which Chinese characters are formed. It will be easier for learners to read and continue to learn Chinese characters if they know Chinese characters by heart. Of course, there are some little tricks to help you guess or learn new Chinese characters, but good memorization of a good number of characters is a must. 漢字好像視覺字。雖然有些簡單的漢字遠古創作時是圖象,但是漢字的形成還有其他方法。如果想輕鬆閱讀或學習漢語,那就必須牢牢記住一些字。當然,日後若要猜新字、學新字,小方法倒是有的,只是熟悉相當數量的漢字仍然是非常重要的事。

Repetition in Vocabulary Learning 重複學習詞語

In fact, repetition is an essential element in vocabulary learning of all languages. To increase your encounters of the words, you may read or listen a lot (known as incidental vocabulary learning). However, research also has it that intentional vocabulary learning further improves vocabulary acquisition and helps learners notice features of words, which they do not attend to when focusing on reading/listening. Intentional vocabulary learning includes direct instruction, and vocabulary-focused tasks, activities, and games. 其實重複乃是學習詞語的必要條件。你可以大量閱讀或聆聽以增加你對字詞相遇的機會,這是偶然學習 (incidental vocabulary learning)。不過,研究也指出有意識學習 (intentional learning) 可以幫助學生留意字詞的特點,這些都是他們在閱讀或聆聽時未必能關注到的。有意識學習包括直接指導及著重詞語的練習、活動與遊戲。

If you are interested in how people learn vocabulary of different languages, check out this book: 如果你對如何學習詞語有興趣,不妨看看這本好書:

How Vocabulary Is Learned.

Here is a collection of games with simple concepts and/or sensory play or body movement, which are highly suitable for young children. But you may find that older kids or even adults like these games as well. 以下的遊戲玩法簡單、又刺激觸感或鼓勵身體活動,特別適合小小兒童。不過可能你會發現,這些遊戲連大一點的孩童或成人都喜歡啊!

1. Human Character/Alphabet 人體做字

Children likes to move! Creating words with their whole body makes learning memorable. Simple Chinese characters (e.g., 十, 大, 中, 小, 人, 了, 木) can be created with one person. Other characters (e.g., 八, 不, 上, 下, 木, 林, 比, 北, 坐) can be made with two or more people. It is possible to create English words, too. Each child could be responsible for one alphabet letter. Take a picture of the group effort so that they can see their final product. 小孩就是喜歡動!用全身來做漢字使學習印象深刻。簡單的漢字(如:十、大、中、小、人、了、木)只需一個人就可以完成了。其他漢字(如:八、不、上、下、木、林、比、北、坐)需要兩個人或以上。大家還可以拼英文詞語啊!每人負責一個英文字母。記得把團體作品拍照啊,這樣大家才能看見努力的成果~

Illustration from our book Easy DauDing Readers & Activities Book 1 插圖來自《豆丁識字故事及遊戲冊1》

Daughter reviewing old characters and learning new characters when she was 2.5 女兒兩歲半時複習舊字、學習新字

2. Digging Game 挖掘遊戲

Hide character/word cards in your sensory table that is filled with beans, shredded paper, or sand, etc.. Ask your child to find them. You may make the digging game more meaningful and interesting by creating stories. Go to my old article "Character Recognition Practice Through Storytelling and Digging" to learn more about it! 把生字卡藏在放有豆子、紙碎、沙子或其他小東西的感官桌內,讓孩子找回字卡。(如果想讓挖掘遊戲更有趣、更有意思,可以編一些故事,詳情可到我的舊文章《認字尋寶故事遊戲》參考。

3. Word Scavenger Hunt 生字尋寶遊戲

Children just enjoy looking for things. Just hide words in the house or yard and ask them to look for the words. You may even split into teams and invite the little ones to hide the words. We did part of our Easter Egg Hunt with Chinese characters written on the eggs. My daughter was to find all five eggs "復活節快樂 (Happy Easter)" to finish the game. 小孩子喜歡尋找東西。把字藏在房子或後院,讓小孩尋找。你更可以分組,邀請小孩收藏一些字。我們家的找彩蛋(復活蛋)遊戲其中五隻彩蛋是「復活節快樂」,女兒要找到這五隻彩蛋,遊戲才完滿結束~

Our Family Tradition: Cardboard Easter Egg Hunt 我們的家庭傳統:尋找紙板復活蛋遊戲

4. Call Their Names 叫名字

Wake Them Up 叫醒它們

My daughter loves cats, so I have made cat-shaped flashcards and put Chinese characters on one side, where I also draw a sleeping face. My daughter then calls the cats' names (i.e., reading the characters on the cards) and wakes the cats up (flipping the cards and the cats now look wide awake). 女兒喜歡貓,所以我把生字卡弄成貓的形狀,一面畫上貓睡覺的樣子並印有漢字,另一面畫上貓兒醒來的樣子。女兒要讀出貓的名字(卡片上的漢字)去叫醒貓咪。

Goodbye 再見

At the end of the learning session, you may make clean-up a review game. Tell the kid that all words have to go back home. The kid has to call the cards' names (i.e., to read the words on the cards) before putting the cards back into a box. 學習完畢,大家可以把收拾字卡變成一個遊戲。告訴小朋友,字卡要回家了,道別時小孩必須叫一叫它們的名字(讀一讀咭上的字),然後才可以把字卡放到盒中。

Cute flashcard game: Wake up the cats by calling their names. 閃卡遊戲:叫一下貓咪的名字,牠們就會醒喔!

5. I Spy 眼明手快

Simply place word cards in front of the child—in rows or in a messy way. Say the word and the child will find it as fast as they can. 很簡單,只要把字卡放在小孩面前(整齊放或凌亂放皆可),你讀一個字,小孩很快地找出來。

You may make it more interesting by turning it into a race (e.g., you vs. child). What you need is a pile of cards which contain the words wanted. Flip over one card and race to find the word wanted. 若想把遊戲變得更加有趣,可以把遊戲變成比賽(例如:你對孩子)。你只需多預備另一疊字卡,面朝下放好,每次翻開一張,然後鬥快找到桌上的字卡。

You may also turn it into a magnifying glass activity. Print words on paper. Make them especially small. The smallest font size I tried was 6.5, and my daughter had no problem reading these small words to the naked eye. But it became more fun holding a magnifying glass and seeing how words got bigger. 你亦可以把這個遊戲變成放大鏡活動。把字打印在紙上,記得要特意把字弄得很小。我試過把字最小做成6.5大,女兒單憑肉眼就可以看到字了,不過還是喜歡拿著放大鏡看看。拿著些小工具,或者看著東西變大,就是有趣!

6. Fly Swatter Game 打蒼蠅

Fly Swatter is a popular vocabulary game. It is actually an I Spy game. Spread out word cards on the desk or up on a board. When a teacher says a word, the learner looks for it and hit the word with the fly swatter. You may just use a hand, but having a tool makes it more fun. You may also use other tools such as hand clappers. 打蒼蠅是非常有名的詞語遊戲。其實,它也是一個「眼明手快」活動。首先,把字卡分散放在桌上或白板上,然後,老師說一個子,學習者要找出那個字並用蒼蠅拍打蒼蠅。大家也可以用手玩這個遊戲,只是工具會令遊戲看起來更好玩。大家也可以用別的工具,如拍手手拍

You may even make fly-shaped cards to up the game. The heart-shaped sticky notes look like flies and may save you some time. 大家甚至可以把字卡做成蒼蠅狀,讓遊戲看起來更有趣。其中心形便利貼形狀像蒼蠅,用起來十分方便~

7. Picking Game 採摘遊戲

You may have your child pick fruits or stars—anything, and they will have a lot of fun! 讓你的孩子採果子或摘星星(或其他東西),他們都會覺得好玩!

Print or write words on the back of paper, cards or Post-Its. Put up the cards or Post-Its on a wall. (If you write on paper or cards, you may use reusable putty to stick the cards on the wall. Blu-Tack is my favorite. It is cleaner and softer than adhesive putty of other brands.) You may make a large poster as the background (e.g., the tree or night sky) if you like fancy. 在紙/卡/便利貼的背面寫或打印字,然後把卡貼在牆上。(如果你在普通紙或卡紙上寫字,你可以考慮使用可重用萬用膠。我最喜歡藍寶貼,它比其他牌子的萬用膠乾淨和軟。)如果你喜歡美麗好看的教具,可以做一張背景海報(例如樹或夜空)。

Your child will pick a card from the wall and try to read the word behind. If they can read it, they get to keep the card. This is good for vocabulary review. 孩子從牆上拿下一張卡,翻到背後嘗試讀出後面的字,如果他們會讀,字卡就歸他們了。

A monster that my 3yo daughter made with a tissue box 我三歲女兒用紙巾盒做的怪獸

8. Feeding Game 餵食遊戲

The feeding game is simply about feeding! The adult says a word, and the child looks for the word card to feed "something". The something is usually made with a box, but it really can be anything. We used the dance lion we made. My daughter made the five-eyed tissue box monster above. You may also feed a stuffed toy or hand puppet. We may not understand why, but children love feeding! 餵食遊戲就是給東西餵食的遊戲。大人說出一個字/詞語,小孩找出字卡給「東西」吃。這「東西」通常是用盒子做出來的,但其實什麼都可以。我們曾經用自家製作的舞獅,女兒又自己製作了上圖五眼紙巾盒怪獸。大家也可以餵絨毛玩具(毛公仔)或手偶。我們可能不太明白,但小孩就是喜歡餵食!

9. Cooking Game 烹飪遊戲

Apart from feeding, children love cooking. You may consider making pizza, soup, ice cream cones, a stack of pancakes, etc. 除了餵食遊戲,小孩還喜歡烹飪。大家可以考慮製作薄餅、湯、冰淇淋/雪糕筒、煎餅塔/鬆餅塔/薄餅塔等。

薄餅/比薩餅 Pizza: Cut a pizza crust from a piece of construction paper or cardboard. Prepare small pieces of toppings with words written on them. The child picks up a topping, reads the word, and places it on top of their pizza. 用手工紙或紙皮/硬紙板剪出薄餅底,然後準備小紙作為薄餅上面的材料,在小紙上寫字。小孩選一張小紙材料,讀出上面的紙,然後放在薄餅上。

湯 Soup: Have a bowl ready. You may add water if you want. Write words on the ingredients, which are small pieces of paper. The child picks up an ingredient, reads the word, and add it to their soup. If you use water, you may use different kinds of markers. Little children might be excited when they find the words disappear in the soup—if you use a washable marker! 預備一個碗,裡面可以加水。預備小紙作為材料,在小紙上寫字。小孩選擇材料、讀字,然後把材料加到碗中。如果你用水,可以嘗試用不同的筆寫字。如果你用可清洗水筆寫字,當字在水中消失時,小孩會很興奮的啊!

冰淇淋/雪糕筒 Ice cream cones: Make a cone with construction paper. Make some playdough ice cream scoops with words written on them. You may make your own playdough without adding food coloring and write words with washable marker. (After this game, children can play with writing on the playdough, too!) The child picks an ice cream scoop, reads the word, and puts it on top of their ice cream. It is exciting as they have to balance well too! 用手工紙做一個雪糕筒/冰淇淋蛋捲,再用黏土製成雪糕球,在雪糕球上寫字。大家可以自製黏土,不加食用色素,然後用可清洗水筆在黏土上寫字(遊戲後,小孩可以任意在黏土上寫字呢!)。小孩選一個雪糕球,讀出上面的字,然後把雪糕球放在自己的雪糕上。小孩要練習平衡,令遊戲緊張刺激!

煎餅塔/鬆餅塔/薄餅塔 Pancake stack: This is similar to making an ice cream cone. This time, have a paper plate ready. Make some playdough pancakes with words written on them. You may make your own playdough without adding food coloring and write words with washable marker. (After this game, children can play with writing on the playdough, too!) The child picks a pancake, reads the word, and puts it on top of their plate. They have to try to hold the plate of pancakes after adding a pancake. They have to be careful so that the pancake stack will not tumble! 煎餅塔和冰淇淋玩法差不多。首先,預備一個紙盤/紙碟,再用黏土製成煎餅,在煎餅上寫字。大家可以自製黏土,不加食用色素,然後用可清洗水筆在黏土上寫字(遊戲後,小孩可以任意在黏土上寫字呢!)。小孩選一塊煎餅,讀出上面的字,然後把煎餅放在紙盤上。每放好一塊煎餅後,小孩都要拿一下紙盤,要小心不讓煎餅塔倒下!

10. Shopping Game 購物遊戲

My first version of shopping game is a memory game. Set up two stations—one for displaying shopping lists and one for shopping. At the shopping list station, display one word or a list of words (you may just use your flashcards). Read the word(s) aloud for better learning. The learner has to remember what is shown on the shopping list and find the words at the shopping station. My rule is to look for only one word each time. When they do not remember the word, they can go back to the shopping list station to read again. 我的購物遊戲的第一個版本是個記憶遊戲。設置兩個遊戲站,其中一個遊戲站用作顯示購物單,另一個遊戲站用作購物。購物單站那邊擺放生字卡,每次可顯示一個或多個字詞(讀出字詞有助學習),學生需要記著看到的,然後到購物站那邊找字。我的遊戲規則是每次只能找一個字詞,如果學生忘記字詞,他可以回到購物單站重看字詞。

Another version of the shopping game involves the point system. Before playing the game, talk about game rules and review words. Show the learner the word at the shopping list station, and have the learner buy the words at the shopping station. Calculate how many points the learner gets at the end of the game. 另一個購物遊戲版本採用計分制。遊戲開始前,說明遊戲規則及複習生字。在購物單站向學習者顯示字詞,然後讓他們去購物站找字。遊戲結束時,計算分數。

To make the game more exciting, set a time limit or make it a competition. 限時或把遊戲變成比賽可以使遊戲很好玩。

Apart from sight words or Chinese characters, I have also used this game for phonics practice so that my students can slow down to read. These bakery images are available for download. 除了視覺字和漢字,我還用這個遊戲和學生練習自然發音(phonics),因為這個遊戲可以讓他們慢慢地拼讀字詞。這些糕點圖案可供大家下載

11. Car Game 車子遊戲

If your child likes vehicles, then you should try the car game. Basically, it is moving vehicles around to look for word cards. When the child reads the word correctly, they get to keep the card. Sometimes children want different identities (e.g., vehicles) to try something they are not confident with. You may ask them to pretend to be two vehicles to see which vehicle gets the most cards. 如果你的孩子喜歡車,那你們必須試試車子遊戲。簡單來說,玩法就是移動車子去找字卡。如果小孩讀對了卡上的字,他們就可以得到字卡。有時候小孩需要以不同的身份(例如車子)去嘗試他們不太有信心的事物,你可以讓他們扮演兩輛車子,看哪一輛車子獲卡最多。

I have created a Road Tile Puzzle for my daughter to play the car game with. She loves it so much! 我為女兒製作了這個道路拼圖遊戲,她很喜歡呢!

12. Parking Game 停車遊戲

A similar game to the car game is the parking game. To make this work, you just need to create a parking lot with parking spots marked with words. You may draw your parking lot on a large piece of paper (I usually cut a large piece of paper from an easel paper roll). Or you can make the grids on the floor with masking tape and write words on the tape. Finally, do not forget to ask your child to get a vehicle they like. 停車遊戲與車子遊戲類似。這個遊戲所需用具就是一個停車位寫上字的停車場。你可以在大紙上畫出停車場(我通常都是從畫紙卷剪出大畫紙的),或者你也可以把紙膠帶貼在地上製成停車位,並在膠帶上寫上字。最後,別忘記讓孩子找一輛他們喜歡的車子。

This is how to play the game: You say a word, and your child has to park at the parking spot written with the word said. 遊戲玩法:你說出一個字,孩子找出寫了該字的停車位,並把車子停在那裡。

13. Fishing Game 釣魚遊戲

You can easily make the fishing rods with long rods (such as a chopstick or a twig), strings, and magnets. Or you can use the fishing rods from any fishing toy. As for the fish cards, just add non-skid paper clips to your flashcards. 魚竿製作方法簡單,用任何長長的東西(如筷子、樹枝)、繩子磁石繫在一起就可以了,或者你可以直接使用釣魚玩具的魚竿。至於魚卡,大家可以直接在生字卡上加防滑萬字夾/迴紋針/紙夾就可以了。

Say the word before fishing, or say it after getting a fish. 釣魚前讀字詞或釣到魚後讀出來皆可。

14. Tossing Games 投擲遊戲

Tossing games are nice to play, whether indoors or outdoors. The game is simple. Say a word, and have the learner toss at the word. 拋擲遊戲適合在室內或室外玩,而且玩法簡單。說一個字詞,讓學生向字投擲過去則可。

What you need to prepare are just some word cards on the floor. You may also write words on the ground with chalk or use cornhole board or unwanted boxes or tray. We used the base of our baby bathtub (see the image below). 要準備的就是把字卡放在地上,你也可以用粉筆在地上寫字,或使用沙包洞板子,或舊盒子、舊盤子。我們用嬰兒浴盆的底呢(見下圖)!

Color tossing game we played when Daughter was 2 女兒兩歲時玩的顏色投擲遊戲

15. Word Smash 擊打遊戲

Write words on playdough or empty egg shells. When a word is read aloud, smash the word with a toy hammer or mallet. Our family use the mallet in a music toy like this. 在黏土或空蛋殼上寫字,聽到讀出的字就用玩具鎚打字。我們家用的是這種音樂玩具的鎚子。

The Word Smash game could be used to help learners increase their reading speed. Instead of reading out a word each time, the judge/host may read a phrase or short sentence. 擊打遊戲還可以提升學生的閱讀速度。主持人不再讀單詞,而改為讀短語或句子。

Word Shooting Game 識字射槍遊戲

16. Word Shooting Game 識字射槍遊戲

All these activities are all the same indeed, but a change in the format makes reviewing fun! Our paper guns are a hit among our family and friends. We learn how to make our paper guns by watching this video. 其實都是複習,但換個形式,小孩可能就愛上複習了。我們的紙手槍不止受我們家歡迎,女兒的朋友看到也嚷著想玩~我們是按這個影片做紙槍的。

17. Bridges/Pathways 橋/小徑

Print words on paper and tape them onto the floor. You may use sidewalk chalk if you do this activity outdoors. Set a destination, and then ask the kids to cross the bridge or walk on the pathway. The kid reads out each card correctly in order to move forward. If they forget a word, they may go back to the starting point to get help. 把字印到紙上,然後貼在地上。如果在戶外,大家可以用粉筆準備這個活動。訂一個目的地,然後讓小孩過橋或走路。小孩必須把字讀對才能前進。如果他們忘記一個字的讀法,他們可以回到地點尋找幫助。

18. Word Twister 識字扭扭樂

Print words on paper and tape them onto the floor. After a few plays, you may even invite the young learner to decide the arrangement of the words on the floor. The teacher/judge draws a word from a bag/box. The player will put their right hand / left hand / left foot / right foot in turn, or the teacher/judge will throw a dice to decide which foot/hand should move to the new word. 把字貼在地上。小孩熟悉遊戲後,可以在遊戲前決定字的位置。老師或評判從袋子或盒子抽出一個字,玩家按次序把右手、左手、左腳然後右腳放到字上,或者老師或評判擲骰子決定哪一隻手腳。