30+ Simple Word Recognition Games 超過30個簡單認字遊戲

The pandemic has provided us with more opportunities to learn at home. As a language teacher, I am trying to spice things up with activities I know my daughter will love. And I am sharing this long list with you. 疫情令我們有更多機會在家學習。作為語文老師,我嘗試和女兒做一些她會喜歡的活動。我也要和大家分享!

In this article, I will first explain briefly what sight words are and compare Chinese characters with sight words. I will also convey the essence of vocabulary learning. Finally, I will provide the list of 30 activities with suggested variations and things to note. Enjoy! 我會先簡單解釋什麼是英語視覺字,然後比較漢字和視覺字。我也會說明一下學習詞語的秘訣。最後,我會列出三十個活動,並附上其他玩法參考和注意事項。希望大家喜歡~

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Sight Words 視覺字

Technically, sight words are words that cannot be sounded out by using phonics skills and have to be memorized by repetition. Many people now use the term "sight words" to refer to high frequency words or words that their children remember. By remembering sight words, children can read and learn faster. 嚴格來說,視覺字 (Sight words)是一些不能用字母拼讀法 (phonics,或作自然發音法)拼出正確讀音的字。不過,現在很多人會把視覺字當做常用字,或者一些他們孩子能記住的字。熟悉視覺字,有助提高孩子的閱讀及學習速度。

Chinese Characters 漢字

Chinese characters are like sight words. While some basic Chinese characters were pictures when created long time ago, there are other ways in which Chinese characters are formed. It will be easier for learners to read and continue to learn Chinese characters if they know Chinese characters by heart. Of course, there are some little tricks to help you guess or learn new Chinese characters, but good memorization of a good number of characters is a must. 漢字好像視覺字。雖然有些簡單的漢字遠古創作時是圖象,但是漢字的形成還有其他方法。如果想輕鬆閱讀或學習漢語,那就必須牢牢記住一些字。當然,日後若要猜新字、學新字,小方法倒是有的,只是熟悉相當數量的漢字仍然是非常重要的事。

Repetition in Vocabulary Learning 重複學習詞語

In fact, repetition is an essential element in vocabulary learning of all languages. To increase your encounters of the words, you may read or listen a lot (known as incidental vocabulary learning). However, research also has it that intentional vocabulary learning further improves vocabulary acquisition and helps learners notice features of words, which they do not attend to when focusing on reading/listening. Intentional vocabulary learning includes direct instruction, and vocabulary-focused tasks, activities, and games. 其實重複乃是學習詞語的必要條件。你可以大量閱讀或聆聽以增加你對字詞相遇的機會,這是偶然學習 (incidental vocabulary learning)。不過,研究也指出有意識學習 (intentional learning) 可以幫助學生留意字詞的特點,這些都是他們在閱讀或聆聽時未必能關注到的。有意識學習包括直接指導及著重詞語的練習、活動與遊戲。

If you are interested in how people learn vocabulary of different languages, check out this book: 如果你對如何學習詞語有興趣,不妨看看這本好書:

How Vocabulary Is Learned.

Here is a collection of games with simple concepts and/or sensory play or body movement, which are highly suitable for young children. But you may find that older kids or even adults like these games as well. 以下的遊戲玩法簡單、又刺激觸感或鼓勵身體活動,特別適合小小兒童。不過可能你會發現,這些遊戲連大一點的孩童或成人